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有關up和down的俚語,butter up和黃油可沒關系!

發布時間:2021-07-15 09:21:24作者:來源:瀏覽量:
(轉載請注明出處:春喜外語外教一對一少兒外教一對一在線英語培訓)

  These are the most common IDIOMS with UP and DOWN used in English:

  以下是英語中最常用的含有up和down俚語:

  UP

  關于up的俚語

  act up = to misbehave

  行為不當

  My son used to act up every day when he was little.

  我兒子小的時候,每天都要調皮搗蛋。

  bottle up = stay hidden

  避而不談

  He would rather bottle up rather than solve the problems at work.

  他寧愿避而不談也不愿解決工作中的問題。

  break up = end a relationship

  分手

  Jessica just broke up with her boyfriend.

  杰西卡剛和男朋友分手。

  back up = to copy something as a security measure

  安全備份

  My computer crashes three times this week, so I need to back up all my data now.

  這周我的電腦死機三次,所以我現在需要備份所有數據。

  blow up = to get angry very fast

  發脾氣

  Mr. Moore blows up almost every class because Jack is always late.

  因為杰克總是遲到,摩爾先生幾乎把每節課都搞砸了。

  brighten up = to make cheerful, happy

  使高興;使高興

  My sister tried to brighten up my day when I was feeling said.

  當我感覺有人說的時候,我姐姐試圖讓我的一天變得愉快。

  butter up = to flatter

  奉承

  She always butters up her boss when the new job position is available.

  當新的工作職位空缺時,她總是奉承她的老板。

  catch up = to share news with someone

  跟某人分享新聞

  I haven’t seen him for such a long time, and it was great to catch up.

  我好久沒見他了,能趕上他真是太好了。

  chat up = to have a light, friendly conversation

  聊天=輕松友好的交談

  She went to that bar only because she liked chatting up with the handsome bartender.

  她去那家酒吧只是因為她喜歡和英俊的酒保聊天。

  come up with = think of something, a plan or an idea

  想出某物、計劃或想法

  We have to come up with a plan!

  我們必須想出一個計劃!

  cover up = to hide, conceal

  遮掩

  Even in court, he still tried to cover up everything that he did.

  即使在法庭上,他仍然試圖掩蓋他所做的一切。

  doll up = to dress formally, to dress for a special occasion

  打扮

  My mom needs to doll up before her birthday party.

  我媽媽需要在生日聚會前打扮一下。

  dress up = to have very nice clothes on

  穿上漂亮的衣服

  Alicia always liked to dress up for her dates.

  艾麗西婭總是喜歡盛裝赴約。

  eat up = to believe immediately

  立刻相信

  He ate up everything that his psychologist told him.

  他相信心理學家告訴他的一切。

  end up – to turn out, conclude

  最后——結果是,得出結論

  He ended up working at his father’s company.

  他最后在他父親的公司工作。

  fix up = to make right, adjust

  糾正

  Melissa fixed up her dress before going out.

  梅麗莎出門前把衣服整理好。

  give up = surrender, admit failure

  放棄=投降,承認失敗

  I will never give up.

  我永遠不會放棄。

  head up = to lead, to take charge

  領導,負責

  You have to head up all the meetings today.

  你今天必須主持所有的會議。

  hold up = to wait, to delay

  等待,延遲

  What’s holding up the presentation?

  什么阻礙了演示?

  hung up = thinking or worrying about someone/something

  掛掉,掛掉

  She was too hung up about her wedding.

  她太沉迷于婚禮了。

  juice up = to charge

  充電

  I have to juice up my laptop because the battery is dead.

  我得給筆記本電腦充電,因為電池沒電了。

  keep up = to continue

  繼續

  Keep up the good work everyone!

  大家繼續努力!

  kiss up to = to show false flattery

  親吻

  Everyone knew she was kissing up to the boss to get a better job.

  每個人都知道她是為了找一份更好的工作而和老板接吻。

  line up = have something/someone ready

  排隊=準備好東西/某人

  Do you have any food lined up?

  你有排隊的食物嗎?

  loosen up = to relax

  放松

  You have been very stressed lately – you have to loosen up.

  你最近壓力很大,你必須放松。

  make up = to reconcile after a quarrel/fight

  和解

  I can’t stay mad at you anymore, let’s make up?

  我不能再生你的氣了,我們和好嗎?

  mess up = to make a mistake, to ruin

  弄糟

  He totally messed up the cake.

  他把蛋糕弄得一團糟。

  roll up one’s sleeves = to prepare to work

  卷起袖子=準備工作

  He rolled up his sleeves, and started packing.

  他卷起袖子,開始收拾行李。

  round up = to collect or gather something

  收集某物

  Round up the employees for the meeting!

  召集員工參加會議!

  screw up = to ruin, to make a mess

  搞砸,弄亂

  He totally screwed up on his exam.

  他考試考砸了。

  sign up = to commit oneself to a period of employment/education

  致力于一段就業/教育時期

  Kevin signed up for his first Psychology course online.

  凱文在網上報名參加了他的第一個心理學課程。

  speed up = to make something go faster

  加速

  You have to speed up your car if you want to be there on time.

  如果你想準時到那兒,你必須加快車速。

  split up = to separate, to break apart from the group

  分開

  They had to split up in order to find Jimmy.

  為了找到吉米,他們不得不分開。

  suck up = flatter someone excessively

  過分奉承

  He sucked up to the teacher only to get a better grade.

  他為了得到更好的成績而向老師討好。

  take up = occupy time, space, attention

  占用時間、空間、注意力

  It’s going to take up too much time.

  要花太多時間。

  tied up = very busy

  非常忙碌

  He is always tied up with work.

  他總是忙于工作。

  think up = to invent or imagine something

  思考

  We have to think up an excuse for why we didn’t go to school.

  我們得想出一個不上學的理由。

  up the creek = to be in serious trouble

  遇到嚴重麻煩

  If I don’t pay the bill by tomorrow, I will be up the creek.

  如果我明天不付款,我就要麻煩了。

  wind up = end up in a specific situation, place

  在特定情況下結束,地點

  I never thought I would wind up in Australia.

  我從來沒想過我會去澳大利亞。

  DOWN

  關于down的俚語

  back down = to take a less aggressive position

  采取不那么激進的立場

  I was about to win the argument, but I had to back down.

  我本來想贏得這場爭論,但我不得不放棄。

  break down = to become unstable due to stress

  因壓力而變得不適

  She broke down today at work, so she took a day off.

  她今天上班時身體不適,所以請了一天假。

  calm down = to become less excited

  冷靜下來

  Please, calm down before you hurt somebody.

  請在你傷害別人之前冷靜下來。

  clamp down on = to end something

  結束某事

  We have to clamp down on illegal businesses.

  我們必須取締非法生意。

  close down = to stop trading as a business

  關閉=停止作為企業進行交易

  Their company will close down soon.

  他們的公司很快就會倒閉。

  cool down = to become less agitated

  冷靜下來

  Wait till he cools down, and then apologize to him.

  等他冷靜下來,然后向他道歉。

  dress down = to scold

  盛裝訓斥

  Jessica was just dressing down the employees.

  杰西卡只是敷衍員工。

  dumb down = to convey something in simple words

  用簡單的語言表達某物

  She couldn’t understand the teacher, so he had to dumb down the explanation for her.

  她聽不懂老師的話,所以他只好把解釋給她聽。

  flag down = to get someone’s attention

  引起某人的注意

  You really have to flag down; otherwise, she won’t even look at you.

  你真的要退縮,否則她甚至不會看你。

  go down = to change from greater value to lesser

  從較大值變為較小值

  The prices really went down this month.

  這個月物價真的下跌了。

  hands down = easily, without too much effort

  容易,不需要太多的努力

  He finished the test in 10 minutes hands down.

  他在10分鐘內親手完成了測試。

  hunt down = to find with difficulty

  很難找到

  It was hard to hunt down all the suspects.

  很難找到所有的嫌疑犯。

  jot down = to make a note

  記下

  Can you jot down the main ideas from the meeting, please?

  請你把會議的主要想法記下來好嗎?

  keep down = to stay quiet

  保持安靜

  Jack, can you keep it down, we are trying to sleep?

  杰克,你能不能小聲點,我們在睡覺?

  man down = to lose courage

  失去勇氣

  You cannot man down when it comes to you family.

  當涉及到你的家庭時,你不能屈服。

  I cannot understand your main idea, can you narrow it down, please?

  我不能理解你的主要想法,請你縮小范圍好嗎?

  settle down = to establish a lifestyle, to marry

  安定下來

  Julie and Jack finally settled down.

  朱莉和杰克終于安頓下來了。

  shut down = to end, to close

  關閉

  We have to shut down the party, because it’s getting late.

  我們得把聚會關掉,因為天要晚了。

  turn down = to refuse, to decline

  拒絕

  Unfortunately, they turned down our offer.

  不幸的是,他們拒絕了我們的報價。

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